23 de julio de 2014

Ibn al-Haytham. New Spherical Geometry and Astronomy



Ibn al-Haytham. New Spherical Geometry and Astronomy

A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics, vol. 4

par
Roshdi Rashed
(Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, SPHERE, UMR 7219, CNRS, f-75205 Paris, France)

"This volume provides a unique primary source on the history and philosophy of mathematics and science from the mediaeval Arab world. The fourth volume of A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics is complemented by three preceding volumes which focused on infinitesimal determinations and other chapters of classical mathematics. 
This book includes five main works of the polymath Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) on astronomy, spherical geometry and trigonometry, plane trigonometry and studies of astronomical instruments on hour lines, horizontal sundials and compasses for great circles.
In particular, volume four examines :
  • the increasing tendency to mathematize the inherited astronomy from Greek sources, namely Ptolemy’s Almagest ;
  • the development of celestial kinematics ;
  • new research in spherical geometry and trigonometry required by the new kinematical theory ;
  • the study on astronomical instruments and its impact on mathematical research. These new historical materials and their mathematical and historical commentaries contribute to rewriting the history of mathematical astronomy and mathematics from the 11th century on.
Including extensive commentary from one of the world’s foremost authorities on the subject, this fundamental text is essential reading for historians and mathematicians at the most advanced levels of research. "

:: Routledge, collection Culture and Civilization in the Middle East, 2014,
London, Centre for Arab Unity Studies, xix-642 p.

La table des matières est disponible sur le site de SPHERE, ici / table of contents:

et la page dédiée sur le site de l'éditeur est ici/ to Publisher:

:: Précédents volumes de la collection :
R. Rashed, Founding Figures and Commentators in Arabic Mathematics. A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics, vol. 1, 2011. 
R. Rashed, Ibn al-Haytham and Analytical Mathematics. A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics, vol. 2, 2012.
R. Rashed, Ibn al-Haytham’s Theory of Conics, Geometrical Constructions and Practical Geometry. A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics, vol. 3, 2013 

22 de julio de 2014

CFP: Being Modern. London 22-24 April 2015



Call for Papers
Being Modern: Science and Culture in the early 20th century
Institute of Historical Research, London 22-24 April 2015
Engagement with science was commonly used as an emblem of “Being modern”, across culture in Britain and the western world in the years around the First World War. Today, historical studies of literature, art, design, lifestyle and consumption as well as of the human sciences are exploring intensively, but frequently separately, on that talk of “science”. Historians of science are exploring the interpenetration of discourse in the public sphere and expert communities. This pioneering interdisciplinary conference is therefore planned to bring together people who do not normally meet in the same space. Scholars from a range of disciplines will come together to explore how the complex interpretations of science affected the re-creation of what it was to be modern.
Please see the website for more details: http://www.qmul.ac.uk/being-modern/
Submissions for four types of presentation and discussion are sought:
  1. disciplinary panels of three x15 minute papers and discussion
  2. cross-disciplinary panels of three x15 minute papers and discussion
  3. Focus on research presentations of 5 minutes plus two minute discussion each will provide opportunities particularly for graduate students
  4. Poster sessions
Closing date 19 October 2014. Get in early – competition will be strong!
Submissions to: research@sciencemuseum.ac.uk
Enquiries to: Robert.bud@sciencemuseum.ac.uk
--
Dr Robert Bud
Keeper of Science and Medicine
The Science Museum, London
+44 207 942 4200
www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk
www.ingenious.org.uk
www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife

21 de julio de 2014

Becas



EU Marie Curie-funded doctoral studentship: Conceptualising 'Nature' in China and Europe from 1500-1800
University of Exeter

http://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/AJE511/

History of Medicine doctoral studentship in collaboration with Hong Kong University

University of Exeter

http://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/AJE518/

PhD Studentships – Longitudinal studies of the health of the poor

Law and Social Justice

University of Liverpool

http://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/AJE555/

Post-Doctoral Researcher/University Researcher/Research Director
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies

University of Helsinki

http://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/AJF088/

Being Modern: Science and Culture in the early 20th century



Call for papers for a major conference
Being Modern: Science and Culture in the early 20th century
Institute of Historical Research, London 22-24 April 2015
Engagement with science was commonly used as an emblem of “Being modern”, across culture in Britain and the western world in the years around the First World War. Today, historical studies of literature, art, design, lifestyle and consumption as well as of the human sciences are exploring intensively, but frequently separately, on that talk of “science”. Historians of science are exploring the interpenetration of discourse in the public sphere and expert communities. This pioneering interdisciplinary conference is therefore planned to bring together people who do not normally meet in the same space. Scholars from a range of disciplines will come together to explore how the complex interpretations of science affected the re-creation of what it was to be modern.
Please see the website for more details: http://www.qmul.ac.uk/being-modern/
Submissions for four types of presentation and discussion are sought:
1.      disciplinary panels of three x15 minute papers and discussion
2.      cross-disciplinary panels of three x15 minute papers and discussion
3.      Focus on research presentations of 5 minutes plus two minute discussion each will provide opportunities particularly for graduate students
4.      Poster sessions
Closing date 19 October 2014. Get in early – competition will be strong!
Submissions to: research@sciencemuseum.ac.uk
Enquiries to: Robert.bud@sciencemuseum.ac.uk
Dr Robert Bud
Keeper of Science and Medicine
The Science Museum, London
+44 207 942 4200
www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk
www.ingenious.org.uk
www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife

Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign



Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Illinois Program for Research in the Humanities (IPRH) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign seeks to hire an Andrew W. Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Humanities for a two-year appointment commencing Fall 2015.
The Fellow will spend the two-year term in residence at Illinois, conduct research on the proposed project, and teach two courses per year in the appropriate academic department.
The Fellow will participate in activities related to his or her research at the IPRH, in the teaching department, and on the Illinois campus. The Post-Doctoral Fellow will also give a public lecture on his or her research.
The search is open to scholars in all humanities disciplines, but we seek applicants whose work falls into one of the following broad subject areas:
- Race and Diaspora Studies
- History of Science/Technology
- Empire and Colonial Studies
- Memory Studies
The fellowship carries a $45,000 annual stipend, a $2,000 research account, and a comprehensive benefits package.
To be eligible, applicants should have received their Ph.D. in a humanities discipline between January 1, 2012 and no later than May 31, 2015.
Scholars who cannot legitimately anticipate the conferral of their degrees by May 31, 2015, should not apply.
Only untenured scholars who have not held the title of “assistant professor” are eligible.
PhDs are the only terminal degree accepted.
Application Deadline: October 27, 2014
Detailed eligibility requirements and application guidelines can be found at www.iprh.illinois.edu.
Applications must be submitted through the online application system. No paper or e-mailed applications (or letters of support) will be accepted. 
The submission period opens September 1, 2014. Please do not contact IPRH about the status of an application; we are unable to answer questions about individual applications.

Contact:
Nancy Castro, Associate Director
Illinois Program for Research in the Humanities (IPRH)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
ncastro@illinois.edu
Website:
www.iprh.illinois.edu